I’ve been talking about S.U.R.G.E. for a while, and you can check out those blogs, starting with this one.
If you’ve been reading my blogs, you know that we determined with Norman Geisler and Frank Turek’s S.U.R.G.E. acronym that the universe had a beginning. Cool beans. So the universe came from somewhere, but how? What’s the cause?
First of all, let’s clear up a misconception. The universe couldn’t have been self-creating. Something that doesn’t exist at all can’t create itself. If it exists, it’s already a thing. If it doesn’t exist, it isn’t capable of making anything. The universe had a finite beginning point. If there was a point where there was no matter and space or remnants of a universe, how could the universe possibly create itself?
Okay, so the universe isn’t self-creating but it had a beginning. To determine what caused it, we need to look to see what is in the universe. There’s space, matter, time, change (since it is a product of time), and in the natural world. It’s safe to say, then, that whatever caused the universe to exist would have to be outside of what is found in the natural world. Think about it, if the universe can’t be self-creating, this idea makes sense.
The universe also needs a great deal of energy to function properly, so whatever caused the universe would have to be able to provide the energy as well. There’s also a lot of information, so whatever caused the universe to exist would have to be able to make the information.
Taking what we know about the characteristics of the universe’s cause, we can conclude that whatever propelled the universe into existence would have to be spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, powerful, and intelligent, and since this is the natural world and the cause would have to be outside of the natural world, the cause would have to be supernatural.
Science can’t deal with the supernatural, so we have to turn somewhere else. Three of the best fields that we can turn to are philosophy, theology, and ontology (which is a branch of metaphysics). If you ask experts in this field what they would call a cause that is spaceless, immaterial, timeless, unchanging, powerful, and supernatural, they would all call this source a God.
Oh, snap. Isn’t that cool?
Some people see the idea of a Big Bang as being contrary to Christianity. Big Bang does not pose a problem for theism at all because the scientific evidence I showed you in SURGE means that the Big Bang would have to be an effect of something trying to make the universe exist, rather than a cause. It’s the whole “God spoke, and bang!-it happened” thing. Since we know what existed at the beginning of the universe, we can determine the characteristics of the cause of the universe, which match the characteristics of a God.